Forced Displacements and Integral Repair

Forced Displacements and Integral Repair

Compulsory displacement is a process of social change resulting from the forced removal or abandonment of original territories due to the installation of development or infrastructure projects. The displacements are total, configuring, among other losses, that of the territory and of the living space, of the productive and extractive areas related to the survival of families, as well as spaces of symbolic, religious and memorial use. Besides physical displacement, there is also economic and cultural displacement, which occurs even when there is no removal, as a result of the impossibility of full access to natural resources and means of reproduction of ways of life. In all circumstances, displacement exposes those affected to material and immaterial losses, leading to their multidimensional impoverishment. The complexity of these processes poses immense challenges, and there is a lack of specific norms and policies aimed at the issue, opening the way for violations of the rights of the affected people.

FGVces has been following the issue since 2014, and has accumulated experience in the debate on compulsory displacement through interaction with public institutions, entrepreneurs and affected people.

Activities

Working Group on Compulsory Displacement

FGVces has accompanied the compulsory displacement caused by the installation of the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Plant since 2014. Between 2017 and 2018, in partnership with the International Finance Corporation of the World Bank Group, it conducted a working group (WG) to develop guidelines on compulsory displacement. The WG included the participation of civil society, leaders of those affected, public authorities from different spheres, rights protection institutions, entrepreneurs and researchers, and promoted working meetings, an in-depth seminar in partnership with the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Resources (IBAMA) in Brasilia, as well as workshops to prepare recommendations with representatives of those affected by the Belo Monte HPP in Altamira (PA).

Although the guidelines have been finalized and launched in 2018, and the partnership with the IFC finalized, the WG continues to operate, currently in partnership with the Laboratory of Environmental Education - Architecture, Urbanism, Engineering and Processes for Sustainability (LEA-AUEPAS) of the Federal University of Ouro Preto (UFOP) and seeks to advance debates on recognition, valuation and full reparation of damages in contexts of the installation or operation of large enterprises.

Protection of Rights in Contexts of Compulsory Displacement

The project seeks to contribute to the construction of normative instruments for the protection of the human rights of social groups affected by large projects in the Amazon, in addition to strengthening the rights agenda of affected peoples in the state of Pará.

Since January 2020, FGVces has been a member of the Working Front for the Protection of Rights in Compulsory Displacement, in partnership with the National Council for Human Rights (CNDH), the Human Rights Commission of the Legislative Assembly of Pará (ALEPA), and the Public Ministry of Pará (MPPA).

Among the activities and results of this Front so far are

Face-to-face seminars in four regions of the state of Pará

Webinars discussing affected people's rights and displacement in the context of the pandemic

Territories and confronting COVID-19 (Altamira and Santarém)

  • Edizângela Barros, Movement of People Affected by Dams, Altamira
  • Filippe Bastos, Secretary of the Human Rights Commission of the Legislative Assembly of Pará
  • Gracivane Rodrigues, Union of Rural Workers, Santarém
  • Eneida Guimarães, National Council for Human Rights

Click to watch

Territories and confronting COVID-19 (Marabá e Barcarena)

  • Sandra Amorim, Mining Affected People's Movement, Barcarena
  • Filippe Bastos, Secretary of the Human Rights Commission of the Legislative Assembly of Pará
  • Jerônimo Silva, Federal University of South and Southeast Pará
  • Eneida Guimarães, National Council for Human Rights

Click to watch

Forced removals in the context of the pandemic

  • Renan Sotto Mayor, National Council for Human Rights
    Aurélio Borges, Malungu
    Juliana Oliveira, Public Defender's Office of the State of Pará
    Julio Araújo, Federal Public Prosecutor's Office

Click to watch

Instrument to protect the rights of the affected people

  • Prof. Dulce Maria Pereira, DEGEP/DEPRO, Federal University of Ouro Preto
    Robert Rodrigues, Movement of People Affected by Dams
    Leonardo Pinho, National Council for Human Rights

Click to watch 

The Working Front for the Protection of Rights in Compulsory Displacement produced a report of activities and recommendations, approved by the CNDH in September 2020.

Publications and reports

Technical Papers

Deslocamentos Compulsórios Induzidos por Grandes Obras na Amazônia

Document fruit of the discussions produced within the WG Compulsory Displacements, between 2017 and 2018, and which was incorporated as a chapter to the second edition of the publication "Guidelines for Large Works in the Amazon". The text deals with bottlenecks and recommendations for the effectiveness and guarantee of rights of the affected population during the installation and operation process of large projects.

Click to download

 

Painel resumo das Diretrizes sobre Deslocamentos Compulsórios

Summary Panel of the Guidelines on Compulsory Displacement induced by Large Works in the Amazon.

Click to download

Texto para discussão - Deslocamentos Compulsórios

Text for discussion resulting from debates within the Compulsory Displacement WG, between 2017 and 2018. The text deals with bottlenecks and possible advances for the effectiveness and guarantee of rights of the affected population during the process of installation and operation of large projects.

Click to download

 

Relatório Preliminar de Atividades e Recomendações da Frente de Trabalho para Proteção de Direitos em Deslocamentos Compulsórios 

Preliminary Report of Activities and Recommendations of the Working Front for the Protection of Rights in Compulsory Displacement, approved by the National Council on Human Rights in September 2020.

Click to download

 

Meeting reports and materials

Report on the first work meeting of the Compulsory Displacement WG

Report of the first meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works Initiative in the Amazon - Learnings and Guidelines. The meeting took place in Brasilia, on September 27, 2017.

Click to download

Presentation made by FGVces and IFC at the first work meeting of the Compulsory Displacement WG

Presentation made by FGVces and IFC, at the first meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works in the Amazon Initiative - Learnings and Guidelines. The meeting took place in Brasília, on September 27, 2017

Click to download

Report of the Focus Group: population affected by UHE Belo Monte

Report of the Focus Group with the population affected by the Belo Monte Altamira HPP, held on November 25, 2017, within the scope of the Compulsory Displacement WG, of the Large Works in the Amazon - Lessons and Guidelines Initiative.

Click to download

Report of the second working meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG

Report of the second meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works Initiative in the Amazon - Learnings and Guidelines, which took place in Brasilia on April 3, 2018.

Click to download

Presentation made by FGVces and IFC at the second working meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG

Presentation made by FGVces and IFC at the second meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works in the Amazon Initiative - Learnings and Guidelines, which took place in Brasilia on April 3, 2018.

Click to download

Presentation made by MABE at the second work meeting of the Compulsory Displacement WG

Presentation made by representative of the Movement of those Affected by the Alcântara Base (MABE), at the second meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works in the Amazon Initiative - Learnings and Guidelines. The meeting took place in Brasilia, on April 3, 2018.

Click to download

Presentation made by the Ministry of Mines and Energy at the second meeting of the Working Group on Compulsory Displacement

Presentation made by the Special Advisory for Environment of the Executive Secretariat of the Ministry of Mines and Energy, at the second meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works Initiative in the Amazon - Learnings and Guidelines. The meeting took place in Brasilia, on April 3, 2018.

Click to download

Report of the Seminar on Compulsory Displacements

Report of the Seminar on Compulsory Displacements of the Large Works Initiative in the Amazon - Learnings and Guidelines, which took place in Brasilia on June 20, 2018.

Click to download

Agenda of the Seminar on Compulsory Displacement

Agenda of the Seminar on Compulsory Displacement of the Large Works Initiative in the Amazon - Learnings and Guidelines, which took place in Brasilia on June 20, 2018.

Click to download

Presentation made by the Observatory of Removals at the Seminar on Compulsory Displacements

Presentation made by representative of the Observatory of Removals, at the Seminar on Compulsory Displacements of the Large Works Initiative in the Amazon - Learning and Guidelines, which took place in Brasilia, on June 20, 2018.

Click to download

Report of the third working meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG

Report of the third meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works Initiative in the Amazon - Learnings and Guidelines, which took place in Brasilia on June 21, 2018.

Click to download

Presentation made by FGVces and IFC at the third working meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG

Presentation made by FGVces and IFC, at the third meeting of the Compulsory Displacements WG of the Large Works in the Amazon Initiative - Learning and Guidelines, which took place in Brasilia, on June 21, 2018.

Click to download

 

Partners

Parcerias institucionais 

Institutional partnerships:

  • International Finance Corporation (IFC): (2017 - 2018) 

  • Laboratório de Educação Ambiental: Arquitetura, Urbanismo, Engenharias e Processos para Sustentabilidade (LEA-AUEPAS)/ Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (UFOP):  (2020)

Working Group for the Protection of Rights in Compulsory Displacement (2020)

  • Conselho Nacional de Direitos Humanos

  • Assembleia Legislativa do Pará 

  • Ministério Público do Estado do Pará

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